Home » Garden » Organic Vegetable Gardening » Broccoli Companion Plants

Broccoli Companion Plants

To succeed with broccoli plants in your garden, you should know a few things. Beyond the general care this plant requires, there are some valuable secrets to maximizing its growth and production without using harmful chemicals or advanced techniques. Instead, know all there is to know about broccoli companion plants! Situating other garden varieties near or far from broccoli will help all the plants grow strong, quickly, and– most importantly– deliciously!

Broccoli is an excellent home-garden staple! It is one of the most versatile green veggies, perfect as a simply seasoned side dish, a source of nutrition in a cheesy casserole, a slightly bitter flavor for a soup, or a tasty addition to a chopped salad. 

Broccoli growing in the garden

Continue reading to discover broccoli companion plants. But before you do, make sure you know the basics of companion planting by checking out the introduction to this helpful series. And don’t miss out on all the valuable information about other plants, their friends, and their foes found in this series. 

laying the groundwork: soil, space + sunshine

Broccoli is a friend to many in the garden! It grows well in container gardens or in-ground growing, making it a great choice for any gardener. Broccoli belongs to the brassicas or cole crop family, including Brussels sprouts, kale, cauliflower, cabbage, and more.

Like all plants, broccoli needs specific care to get the best results. But it also has significant issues you’ll want to keep an eye out for. After discovering the incredible broccoli companion plants, you’ll be better prepared to grow thriving, tasty plants. 

But first, let’s discuss the essential requirements for growing broccoli and the struggles you may come across. 

The key to thriving broccoli lies in the soil. These leafy greens flourish in well-draining, nutrient-dense soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0. To set the stage for abundant growth, fortify your soil with organic matter such as compost or aged manure, providing a strong foundation for your plants.

When planting broccoli, select a spot that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight daily. Space your plants 18-24 inches apart, providing sufficient airflow and room for growth. Proper spacing and rotating crops is essential in preventing diseases and ensuring healthy, robust plants.

As broccoli plants are heavy feeders, they require a steady supply of nutrients. Fertilize your plants with a balanced organic fertilizer to promote strong growth. Consistently water your plants, maintaining evenly moist soil without overwatering, as this may cause root rot.

To further conserve moisture and suppress weeds, apply a layer of mulch around the base of your plants. Mulching also helps regulate soil temperature, creating an optimal environment for your broccoli.

challenges to growing broccoli

plant broccoli during the right season.

Some plants are less picky than others. But that’s not the case with broccoli. You should plant broccoli during cooler weather, like fall or spring. Your variety of broccoli will determine the best time to plant it.  

broccoli is sensitive to temperature.

It thrives between 65 and 80 degrees, preventing the broccoli from prematurely blooming. 

broccoli plants are susceptible to pests.

Keep an eye out for cabbage worms and cabbage loopers, the pests that are most notorious for ruining broccoli plants. Broccoli companion planting can help control these and other less common pests, like aphids, cabbage root maggots, and flea beetles. 

Cabbage worms are the larvae of cabbage white butterflies. These green caterpillars are voracious eaters, devouring the leaves and heads of your broccoli plants. Control their population by picking them off by hand, using biological controls like Bacillus thuringiensis, or employing beneficial insects such as parasitic wasps.

Cabbage worms are the larvae of cabbage white butterflies. These green caterpillars are voracious eaters, devouring the leaves and heads of your broccoli plants. Control their population by picking them off by hand, using biological controls like Bacillus thuringiensis, or employing beneficial insects such as parasitic wasps.

Damage to broccoli leaf by cabbage worms.

Cabbage moths, also known as cabbage loopers, are another common pest that targets broccoli plants. These caterpillars cause similar damage to cabbage worms. Control measures include handpicking, biological controls, and attracting beneficial insects like lacewings and ladybugs.

Aphids are small insects that feed on plant sap, causing curled, distorted leaves and stunted growth. They can also transmit plant viruses. Control aphids by releasing beneficial insects like ladybugs and lacewings, or spraying your plants with a diluted soapy water solution.

be proactive and monitor for diseases

Black rot, black leg, downy mildew or clubroot are risks to home-grown broccoli. Proper planting, crop rotation and watering will help avoid these diseases. Closely monitor your broccoli plants to catch these diseases early.

Downy mildew is a fungal disease that thrives in cool, wet conditions. It causes yellow spots on the leaves, which eventually turn brown and die. To prevent downy mildew, ensure proper spacing and airflow between plants, and avoid overhead watering. If the disease appears, remove and dispose of infected plants and apply a fungicide approved for use on broccoli.

Clubroot is a soil-borne disease that causes swollen, distorted roots and wilting plants. To prevent clubroot, practice crop rotation, maintain a slightly alkaline soil pH, and choose disease-resistant varieties. If clubroot is detected, remove and dispose of infected plants, and avoid planting brassicas in the affected area for several years.

there’s a reason why your broccoli appears healthy but never produces a head

This ‘blindness’ occurs when the plant is damaged during transport or planting or when an insect has injured the growing tip. 

top broccoli companion plants

Check out these vegetables, herbs and flowers to plant next to your broccoli plants.

Onions are a great broccoli companion plant.

the alliums

Onions and garlic are superb broccoli companion plants. Their strong scent repels insect pests like cabbage loopers and carrot flies, offering natural protection for your broccoli. Additionally, alliums help to maximize garden space when planted between rows of broccoli.


Growing celery as a broccoli companion plant has few pros and cons. Overall, the two plants grow well next to one another, but neither plays a role in the success of their growth. Instead, longtime gardeners have discovered that your broccoli harvest will have a better flavor when celery is planted nearby. So, why not give it a shot?


Beans and peas are excellent companions for broccoli, as they fix nitrogen in the soil, providing essential nutrients for heavy feeders like broccoli. These nitrogen-fixing legumes help to maintain soil fertility and reduce the need for synthetic fertilizers.


Marigolds play a dual role as pest repellents and pollinator magnets. Their vibrant blooms keep cabbage moths and aphids at bay while luring beneficial insects such as ladybugs and lacewings. Marigolds also have the added benefit of adding a pop of color to your vegetable garden.

leafy greens

Spinach and lettuce have shallow root systems and different nutritional needs, making them perfect partners for broccoli. They also provide shade and living mulch, helping to keep the soil cool and moist. Planting spinach and lettuce alongside your broccoli can result in healthier plants and a more bountiful harvest.

Lettuce and other greens are great broccoli companion plants.


Rosemary’s potent fragrance is a natural deterrent for pests such as cabbage moths, making it a valuable broccoli companion plant. Additionally, rosemary attracts beneficial insects like hoverflies, which prey on aphids.


Their blossoms attract beneficial insects like hoverflies, which prey on common garden pests. The bright, edible flowers of nasturtiums can also add a vibrant touch to salads and other dishes. Nasturtium will grow in winter in warm climates, zones 9-11.


Chamomile’s delicate flowers attract beneficial insects like hoverflies and ladybugs while potentially enhancing the flavor of your broccoli. This unassuming herb is a valuable addition to any vegetable garden, offering numerous benefits to its plant neighbors.

Chamomile is a great broccoli companion plant.


Mint’s refreshing scent repels various pests, including cabbage moths and aphids, while also attracting beneficial insects like hoverflies and predatory wasps. However, due to its invasive nature, consider planting mint in containers to prevent it from overtaking your garden.

these plants are NOT good broccoli companion plants

When growing broccoli in your home garden, there are a few plants you want to avoid situating near the green vegetable, as they may hinder its growth, compete for resources, or attract unwanted pests.

The main concerns are destructive pests, disease, and a lack of essential nutrients. Therefore, you should never plant broccoli near plants that share the same pests, diseases, and nutritional needs.

Some of these ‘not good broccoli companion plants’ are warm weather, so wouldn’t be planted with broccoli anyway, but it is always good to know.

other brassicas like cabbage

Planting broccoli near other brassicas, like mustard, cabbage, or kale, can lead to a buildup of pests and diseases that commonly affect this family of plants.


Both tomatoes and broccoli are heavy feeders, meaning they require a significant amount of nutrients from the soil. Planting them together may result in competition for essential nutrients, potentially stunting the growth of both plants.


Similar to tomatoes, peppers also have high nutrient demands, which may lead to competition for resources when planted near broccoli. Additionally, tomatoes and peppers can attract pests that may also target broccoli, further impacting their growth and health.


Broccoli and strawberries have different nutrient requirements and growing conditions, which may lead to competition and hinder their growth when planted together. Strawberries also require slightly acidic soil, whereas broccoli prefers a more neutral pH.


Broccoli and grapes both have extensive root systems, which can compete for water and nutrients when planted close together. This competition may negatively affect the growth and yield of both plants.

pole beans

Pole beans release substances that can inhibit the growth of broccoli, making them incompatible neighbors. It is better to plant bush beans, which do not have the same negative effect, as companions for broccoli.

When planning your garden layout, it is essential to consider the compatibility of plants to ensure optimal growth and yield. Planting suitable companions can not only enhance growth but also provide natural pest control and improve overall garden health.

are other brassicas good broccoli companion plants?

Planting broccoli and other brassicas together can be both beneficial and challenging, depending on the circumstances. Members of the brassica family, such as cabbage, kale, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts, have similar growing conditions and can benefit from being planted together. However, there are some potential downsides to having these plants together:

  1. Pest Attraction: Brassicas tend to attract the same pests, such as cabbage worms and cabbage moths. Planting them together may create a concentrated area of attraction for these pests, potentially increasing the infestation level.
  2. Disease Transmission: Diseases that affect one brassica plant can quickly spread to other brassicas in close proximity. For example, clubroot, a soil-borne disease, can easily infect neighboring brassica plants, leading to a more extensive problem in the garden.

To mitigate these potential issues, you can implement the following strategies:

  1. Companion Planting: Intersperse your brassica plants with other non-brassica companion plants that help repel pests or attract beneficial insects. This can reduce pest pressure and provide a more balanced garden ecosystem.
  2. Crop Rotation: Rotate your brassicas with non-brassica crops in subsequent seasons to reduce the risk of soil-borne diseases and pest buildup. This practice will also help maintain soil fertility and prevent nutrient depletion.

use companion planting and proper growing tips

Embracing the art of companion planting and implementing effective growing strategies will yield a productive and healthy vegetable garden rich with nutritious leafy greens and other produce. With the right companions and diligent care, your broccoli plants will thrive, providing you with a delicious, homegrown bounty.

By following the tips and tricks outlined in this comprehensive guide, you will be well-equipped to cultivate a thriving broccoli paradise. From selecting the perfect location and preparing the soil to mastering the art of companion planting and managing pests and diseases, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of fresh, healthy broccoli straight from your garden.

Whether you are an experienced gardener or a beginner, these guidelines will serve as a valuable resource for your gardening endeavors. So roll up your sleeves, grab your gardening gloves, and embark on a horticultural adventure that will yield delicious, nutritious rewards for you and your family. And remember, a beautiful, thriving vegetable garden is not just a testament to your hard work and dedication; it is also a source of pride, enjoyment, and sustenance for you and your loved ones.

Bookmark this page or pin the following image to return to this post about Broccoli Companion Plants in the future.

Basil, chamomile, basil, and marigold are great broccoli companion plants.

Thanks so much for spending a few minutes of your busy day with me!

If you want to ensure you don’t miss future content, pop your email in the pale green box on the right or click here. I usually send one email weekly so I won’t inundate your inbox. I’m sensitive to an overflowing email inbox!  

We will only use your email address to send you emails, no more than 1-2 weekly. In addition, you will have access to my growing library of knit & crochet patterns and other printables. Check back often as this library will continue to grow.   Please know that you can unsubscribe anytime by emailing me or clicking on the “unsubscribe” link at the bottom of all emails.  

And you can access many of the products I refer to on my Nourish and Nestle Amazon Page. You can access it here.

So, if you’d like to get in on the ‘subscriber benefit’ action, simply subscribe to Nourish and Nestle here or use the form on the right sidebar. It’s towards the top a bit.

I have sent all my subscribers the link to the Subscriber Benefits Library. If you missed it or misplaced it, drop me a line.

Until next time…

Signature of Lynn

Thanks for making my day by SHARING!!

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *